Inherited diseases, also known as genetic disorders, are almost exclusively caused by genetic changes, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), insertions/deletions (InDels), and copy number variations (CNVs). CD Genomics provides high-quality and affordable next-generation sequencing (NGS), genotyping, and supporting bioinformatics analysis to identify mutations that contribute to human inherited diseases on a genome-wide scale.
Benefits of Genomics in the Inherited Disease Research
NGS and genotyping are two powerful techniques to profile the comprehensive genomic variations in patients with inherited disease, which have revolutionized the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of inherited diseases. A rapid pace of evolution in genomic methodologies and a decreased cost have made it possible to acquire more accurate results in less time. This exponential increase in the volume of data has greatly stimulated the development of bioinformatics tools. They jointly advance the research on mechanisms by which genetic variations affect the structure and function of gene products leading to inherited disease.
Genomics Solutions in the Inherited Disease Research
Since inherited diseases are caused by genetic factors, it is possible to use genomic methodologies to capture known causative genes in undiagnosed cases, identify novel disease genes in disease cohorts, and probably lead to the design of targeted therapies.
Genomics Methods in the Inherited Disease Research
Whole genome sequencing has the potential for simultaneous, comprehensive diagnostic testing of likely monogenic illnesses and identification of novel disease genes in patients with inherited disease.
Whole exome sequencing has emerged as a powerful diagnostic tool in the studies of genetic disorders and has proven to be effective in identifying disease-related genes that are refractory to linkage analysis.
Targeted sequencing is a rapid, accurate, and cost-effective approach to detect known and novel genetic and structural variants in specific sets of genes or genomic regions. Targeted sequencing makes clinical diagnosis more quick and accurate.
Gene expression research, including a series of techniques, such as RNA-seq, gene expression profiling microarray, and transcriptome sequencing, has resulted in significant advances in the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of complex disorders.